April 2, 2021

Newsletter for 2021


This will be a very different Newsletter from those you have received in the past! None of
the events so optimistically laid out in the Newsletter for 2020 took place in the manner
that we had planned. But we hope that you do not feel that the Cambrians have
disappeared from your life. This is the year when our online presence has developed an
enormous importance – both through our e-mail circulation list run by Rhiannon Comeau
and our presence on Facebook and Twitter managed by Genevieve Cain. Perhaps
surprisingly we have also seen the highest number of new members (51) joining this year –

Two major things did happen as expected. Archaeologia Cambrensis volume 169 was
published in September, and our President, Professor Michael Jones, was inaugurated in
July in a small, socially distanced, ceremony in his garden with Dr Sian Rees. This was filmed
by Heather James and can still be watched on our website (www.cambrians.org.uk) where
his Presidential Address, recorded more professionally at the University of Lincoln, can also
be viewed. To date 96 people from all over the country have watched it – more than would
have attended in Lincoln, but they didn’t get the wine afterwards!

Our President-elect for 2021 is Dr Eurwyn Wiliam who worked for most of his career at St
Fagans where he built up the collection of historic buildings and was himself a renowned
expert on cottages and farm buildings. After his retirement he was Chairman of the Royal
Commission on Ancient and Historic Buildings in Wales for ten years till 2018. He was born
and brought up in Lleyn, an area with a high proportion of surviving earth-walled cottages, a
background which has clearly influenced his career!

This year two members who will be well known to those who attend our summer Meetings
have died: Mrs Marian Jenkins and Mr Jeff Evans and we have sent condolences to their
families. We have also lost Simon Meade who was the very distinguished Director of the
Council for the Protection of Rural Wales for many years; Prof Prionseas NiCathain of Dublin
and Prof Ian Jack whose “masterly survey of the historical sources for Mediaeval Wales
(written by a Scot teaching at the University of Sydney!) at last meets a need not satisfied by
Welsh historians” (Review AC 1977). And I have just heard of the sudden death from a heart
attack of Peter Thompson of Barmouth. He was an active member of the Dating Old Welsh
Houses group, which we have supported from the research fund.


Change of Membership Secretary

Dr Rhiannon Comeau will be taking over as Membership Secretary in February from Frances
Llewellyn who has done the job for 20 years – for the first 18 years with a very efficient
database designed by her predecessor, Gwyneth Williams, but latterly with one designed by
Microsoft – which is troublesome! Rhiannon, who has been managing our e-mail circulation
is much more digitally savvy. She will be using a dedicated e-mail address for this work –
cambriansubs@gmail.com Her postal address is 21 Ulleswater Road, Southgate, London
N14 7BL.

We do not usually provide obituaries of members who have not been officers of the
Association, but in this year in which the whole world has seemed our close neighbour as we
have fought the virus together, it is right to remember that Cambrians are working all over
the world and some distant members have contributed a lot to our understanding of Welsh
history. Professor Jonathan Wooding, who was a student of Professor Jack in Sydney, sends
this short tribute:

Robert Ian Jack was born in rural Dumfriesshire in 1935 and studied at Glasgow University
and the Institute for Historical Research. He then took up a position at the University of
Sydney, from which he retired in 2002, after serving in many roles including Dean of the
Faculty of Arts. His early research was on medieval Welsh and English history focussing on
the Lords of Ruthin and he became a member of our Association in 1964. Subsequent works
on Welsh topics included studies of the cloth industry in medieval Wales (including a
substantial gazetteer of fulling mills in Archaeologia Cambrensis 1981), chapters on rural
Wales in vol. 2 of the Agrarian History of England and Wales, and writing the volume
Medieval Wales for the influential Sources of History Series. His enthusiasm for the material
dimension of history also bore fruit in many studies of the historical archaeology of
Australia, to which subject he gave untiring support—including service on the Heritage
Council of NSW and as President of the Royal Australian Historical Society.

The Annual General Meeting, a major annual event, also did not happen as expected.
Traditionally the AGM is part of the Summer or Autumn Meeting, but this year this was not
possible in July, nor at the September meeting which, up to the last minute, we had very
much hoped would have been a possibility, even if in truncated form.

The AGM was finally held online, via Zoom at 7.30 pm on Thursday 15th October,
hosted by Dr Sian Rees, Chairman of Trustees. Reassuringly this worked well with at least
35 people attending – more in fact than at some AGMs held during the Summer Meetings. A
number of favourable comments were received. Two new Trustees were elected, Dr Rachel
Swallow and Dr Tudur Davies. Later in the year at the November Meeting of Trustees Neil
Bayliss was co-opted as a Trustee and will go forward for confirmation at the next AGM.


CAA Website

In turn, each of our meetings for 2020 were cancelled. But, with the help of our social
media team of Rhiannon Comeau and Genevieve Cain, and the active participation of our
Chairman, Sian Rees, already adept at entertaining grandchildren over Zoom, a series of
interesting documents, quizzes and invitations to lectures and seminars began to bring
familiar and unfamiliar faces to our domestic screens. We also took the opportunity to
devise more attractions for our Website in anticipation of an end to lockdowns and a return
to touring churches and exploring the moors in search of antiquities. Frances Llewellyn
edited the Clwyd Valley booklet to provide three tours of the best churches there,
accompanied by Marie Thérèse Castay’s wonderful photographs – too many to reproduce in
Arch Camb, but on the web we can be more bountiful.

An illustrated piece, written by members and friends celebrating, in this our 175th
year, the different facets of the Association’s work, from grants and prizes to meetings and
our journal, has recently been put on the website, and digital copies have been sent to
those members who are on email. If anyone without recourse to either of these digital
means would like a hard copy, please contact Sian Rees (01291 690695).



Our first meeting in 2021 is a replacement for the Day School in Cardiff which was the first
victim of the coronavirus in 2020. The programme is very much as it was planned last year,
a celebration of new archaeological research on Wales, featuring some of the projects which
have received funding from the Cambrians. The programme has been devised by Drs
Rhiannon Comeau and Oliver Davis and the details of the lectures and the administrative
arrangements are given below. Detailed instructions for joining the event will be given to
those who have registered, nearer the time.

Some uncertainty still hangs over the Summer Meeting in July at Lincoln and perhaps even
over the Autumn Meeting in October in Llangollen – a meeting designed to celebrate the
175th Anniversary of the first publication of Archaeologia Cambrensis. Nevertheless we
outline below the programme which we hope to be able to carry out, with some indication
of alternative plans. We also propose some Archaeological Walks in different parts of Wales
with very well informed guides which will provide us with some opportunities to meet in
person over the summer – when we hope that we will all have been vaccinated.



A celebration of new archaeological research in Wales
Saturday 10th April 2021, 9.30-5pm
To be held online (Zoom)

This conference, rescheduled from last year, represents a double first for Cambrians. As well
as being our first excursion into the ‘new normal’ of online talks, it is the first of a new series
of biennial conferences which will showcase work supported by the CAA Research Fund as
well as providing an opportunity for early career academic and independent researchers to
present research on Wales and the Marches. The event is jointly organised with Cardiff

The day will consist of a series of short (20 minute) presentations, and speakers will be
available for question and answer sessions afterwards. During refreshment breaks we will
be displaying posters of postgraduate work in progress, giving you an extra opportunity to
acquaint yourself with the latest new research on Wales.

A list of presentations is given below; summaries are available from a link on the conference
listing on our website. The presentations are the same as
promised last year, with the exception of the talk by Ken Murphy and Adam Gwilt about the
Pembrokeshire Iron Age Chariot Burial. Due to contractual restrictions arising from a
forthcoming television documentary about the excavation (due to be screened in April),
they will be unable to talk to us at Darganfod, and instead we hope to host a talk from them
at a future date.

The day is expected to start at 9.30 and finish by 5pm. A timetable for the day will be
available later in February when it will be emailed to members and displayed on our

The event will be free, but online advance registration on Eventbrite is required. This will be
the only way of registering. Joining details for the Zoom session will be emailed to those
who have registered. Please register by Thursday 8th April. The link for Eventbrite
registration will be circulated to those on the Cambrians’ email list, and will also be available
on our website conference page. If you do not currently receive emails from us, please
contact Rhiannon Comeau at cambrians1846@gmail.com and ask to be added to the email
list. Any other queries about the event should also be directed to her.

List of presentations, in alphabetical surname order:

Dr Oliver Davis(Cardiff University) and Prof Niall Sharples (Cardiff University): Excavations at
Caerau Hillfort, Cardiff, 2012-19: from the Neolithic to the Normans
Dr Toby Driver (Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales) and
Dr Jeffrey L. Davies: The Romano-British villa at Abermagwr, Ceredigion: rarity and
innovation at the most remote Roman villa in Wales
Dr Alan Lane (Cardiff University): The Llangorse crannog: a short-lived Welsh royal site of the
Viking Age
Prof Gary Lock (Kellogg College, Oxford): Moel y Gaer, Bodfari, a small hillfort in the
Clwydian Hills, Denbighshire
Prof Mike Parker Pearson (UCL Institute of Archaeology): The origins of Stonehenge: the
bluestones and Preseli
Dr Andy Seaman (Canterbury Christ Church University): Hillforts and power in post-Roman
Wales: a GIS-enabled analysis of Dinas Powys

Adelle Bricking (PhD candidate in Archaeology, Cardiff University): Life and death in Iron Age
Wales: preliminary results from histological and stable isotope analysis from Dinorben,
Denbighshire and RAF St Athan, Glamorgan.
Dr Rhiannon Comeau (recently published PhD, UCL Institute of Archaeology): Pre-Norman
focal zones and seasonality: a cantref-level case study
Dr Alice Forward (Allen Archaeology): Lordship and communality in the 13th century. Four
ram aquamaniles from South Glamorgan
Eirini Konstantinidi (PhD candidate in Archaeology, Cardiff University): If the dead could talk:
a taphonomic approach to Neolithic mortuary treatment in the caves of Wales
Michael Statham (Independent scholar): Porth-y-Pistyll, near Aberdaron – a memorial to a
couple of rogues?
Dr Rachel Swallow (Honorary Visiting Research Fellow, University of Chester / independent
scholar): A square peg in a round hole: new interpretations for the eleventh-century northern
Anglo-Welsh border, as told by the misfit Dodleston Castle in Cheshire



Sunday 4th – Friday 10th July 2021

Last year this meeting was a victim of Covid and, at the time of writing, it is still not clear
that it will be possible to hold it. But the majority of those who had booked last year are
keen to come this year, and there will be space for some who had not been able to book last
year to come this year. Assuming that travel within Britain is allowed, we have devised a
shorter programme which will involve predominantly open air venues or very large buildings
(ie Lincoln Cathedral, Boston Stump) and the hotel has assured us that they have ‘Covid
secure’ arrangements in place for meals and lectures. We are advising travel in private cars
and lunches will probably be picnics.

The meeting will be under the guidance of Nick and Eva Moore and we will be devoting
Monday and Tuesday to the city of Lincoln (on foot) and Wednesday to open air sites such
as Tattershall and Old Bolingbroke Castles, and Thursday to a tour of Boston. Other site
visits in the direction of Newark might be organised for Friday morning.

The venue is The Lincoln Hotel, which is immediately to the north of Lincoln Cathedral in the
centre of “Uphill Lincoln”. Unlike last year, we have booked all the rooms as standard
quality. If you would like a different category please contact Eva and she will see if she can
arrange this. There are other hotels etc nearby for late comers, who will be welcome at
dinner (£30). Parking at The Lincoln is free for residents, otherwise there is a charge. Please
remember to bring your National Trust and Cadw cards (free entry to English Heritage sites).
Please book through CAA and do not contact the hotel at the initial stage. We enclose the
normal form, but do not send money at this stage. But please send the form as soon as you
are confident and certainly by the end of April. For enquiries about the programme etc
please contact Nick or Eva at nandemoore@gmail.com . We would advise that all
those attending should have been vaccinated.

Sunday 4th July
Arrive early evening After dinner: Talk on cathedral.

Monday 5th
July Cathedral and Castle.
Walking tour of Minster Yard and buildings surrounding the Cathedral. Guide Nick Moore.
Guided tour of Cathedral and Wren Library
After lunch meet in the Castle Grounds – Visit to the Prison and Magna Carta display.
Walk round castle walls with views over Lincoln.
After dinner : Mick Jones on the Archaeology of Lincoln city.

Tuesday 6th
July Downhill Lincoln
Guided walk with Nick Moore down ‘Steep Hill’ passing Norman houses, Jew’s Court
(premises of Soc Lincoln Hist & Arch) to visit the Collection Museum.
Continue tour down to Greyfriars and Posterngate (Roman gateway)
Lunch picnic or cafes depending on the situation at the time
Visit to late mediaeval Guildhall in the Stonebow (guide Colin Hill) abutting the Roman wall
Continue the walk down the High Street to St Mary le Wigford and Brayford Pool.
The rest of the afternoon is flexible. The walk can continue to St Mary’s Guildhall.
After dinner; Inauguration of Dr Eurwyn William as President, and Presidential address.
‘”Let use be preferred to uniformity”: the study of vernacular architecture in Wales’

Wednesday 7th July. Trip to Tattershall and Bolingbroke
Mud & Stud Cottages at Thimbleby. Perambulation (Nick Moore)
Tattershall Castle. Guide Prof Michael Jones.
Lunch in Tattershall Collegiate church.
Old Bolingbroke Castle
After dinner: Talk by Neil Wright on The town of Boston

Thursday 8th
July Trip to Boston
Walking tour of Boston with Neil Wright.
Boston Guildhall and Museum.
Lunch in the Banqueting Hall (v. large) of the Guildhall (hopefully)
Tour of Boston ‘Stump’ : St Botolph’s Parish Church.
Leave Boston for Lincoln. Drop off at Temple Bruer Templar Preceptory if time is available.
Drive through typical Lincolnshire villages ‘on the Edge’

Friday 9th July
Depart via sites in vicinity of Newark.
If the Pandemic has significantly reduced, Nick and Eva are prepared to arrange other visits
on Friday and Saturday. The hotel has agreed to some flexibility in bookings.


With uncertainty still prevailing about social gatherings through the summer and possibly
pre-bookings required and no group admissions for heritage sites and monuments, we
propose a series of Covid proof walks and talks to be offered by Trustees in July, August and
September to members and their families. These walks must be pre-booked with the
organiser who will tell you the meeting point and time so that numbers attending will be
known in advance, and we can ensure compliance with any Covid regulations. There will be
no charge for these basic field events and travel will be by private cars.

Saturday July 17th pm Explore Ruthin : a Tour through Time
(First day of the UK wide Festival of British Archaeology, theme ‘My Place’)
Leader Fiona Gale
The walk will include Ruthin Castle, St Peter’s Church, Medieval street pattern but will also
cover the earlier prehistoric and Roman evidence from the town, and it’s later, post railway
development. This will be walking on pavements, but take care in the castle.
See Arch Camb 2020
Duration: c 2 hours
Please book via fionaegale@hotmail.co.uk or 07718 625 606

Saturday July 24th
Brenig Valley : the Bronze Age Cemetery
Leader Frances Lynch
This is a moorland walk (and talk) of about 2+ hours. Good walking shoes, warm waterproof
clothing advised. We will visit 5 varied Bronze Age monuments and look across the lake at 3
others, and also visit Hen Ddinbych and the Mediaeval hafodau. Excavated 1973-4.
Published CAA Monographs 5.
Please book via flynchllewellyn@gmail.com or 01248 364865

Saturday July 31st
Y Pigwn Roman forts, Mynydd Trecastell, Brecon Beacons.
Leader Heather James.
A moorland walk and talk visiting some Bronze Age monuments, the two superimposed
Roman forts of Y Pigwn, and a fortlet and motte all along the line of the Roman Road, and
pre-turnpike Road from Trecastell to Llandovery.
Duration 2-3 hours.
See Roman Frontiers in Wales & The Marches, RCAHMW 2010.
Please book via h.james443@gmail.com or 01267 231793.

Saturday August 14th
Cemlyn, Anglesey: Llanrhwydrys Church, Pen Bryn yr Eglwys Roman
Signal Station, Mynachdy Cistercian Grange
Leader Andrew Davidson
This is a coastal walk of approximately 5 miles following the coastal path for the first part,
and then returning by inland footpaths. Waterproofs and good walking shoes are advised, as
well as snack and drink. The walk includes the bird reserve at Cemlyn, Llanrhwydrys church,
a Roman signal station on Carmel Head, Mynachdy, and numerous smaller sites. Buildings of
Wales: Gwynedd and Rogers, Anglesey Coastal Path Official Guide
Duration Perhaps 4 hours
Please book via andrew.davidson@heneb.co.uk or 07827 857545

Sunday August 22nd
Tour of Welshpool
Leader Neil Bayliss
This will start at the school car park just south of the main station, visit the Motte and St
Mary’church , go up the High Street to the Llanfair Light Railway Station and back down to St
Giles Church and on to Powys Castle where we will circle the famous gardens and come
down to return along the Montgomery Canal. This is a relatively easy walk within the town,
but will take about 2-3 hours and has some short steep slopes.
Please book via neil.bayliss@talk21.com 07891 525001

Sunday September 5th
Morning start – bring a picnic!
‘In the footsteps of Sabine Baring-Gould’: Guided walk to Foel Trigarn hillfort, Preseli Hills.
Leader Toby Driver
Moel Trigarn is one of the largest and finest Iron Age hillforts in S W Wales. It was first
surveyed and excavated by Rev S B-G in June 1899. The walled ramparts, gateways and
some 270 prehistoric roundhouse footings can be seen at the fort, which is dominated by
the three great stone summit cairns of the name. From the hill summit, on a clear day, we
can also see Carn Alw hillfort below, and look west to the Carn Meini ‘blue stone’ outcrops.
Baring Gould, S., Burnard, R. and Andrerson, I.K. 1900. ‘Exploration of Moel Trigarn’ Arch
Camb Vol. XVII. Fifth Series. 189-211.(online https://journal.library.wales/browse/2919943)
Meeting point: will be near Crymych .
The walk is an exposed 20-30 minute hike over half a mile of moorland, with a relatively
steep final ascent to the hillfort which is very uneven underfoot. Dress for all weathers,
with stout walking boots and sticks. Duration about 3 hours
Please book via : Toby.driver@rcahmw.gov.uk Telephone: 07531 567340.

Saturday, September 11th
Blaenavon World Heritage Site
Leader Sian Rees
A moorland walk to visit the canal, quarries, waste tips, inclines, tunnels, reservoirs and old
workings belonging to the coal and iron ore workings on the upper areas of this world
heritage site, with spectacular views across Abergavenny and the mountains beyond.
Depending on weather and restrictions, we could visit the ironworks and the town of
Blaenavon. Duration : 2-3 hours
Stout footwear and rainproof warm clothing essential. More information in the Cadw
Guidebook, Blaenavon Ironworks and World Heritage Landscape 2011
Please book directly with Sian Rees, richardavent@hotmail.com or 01291 690695

September 18th
The Three Medieval Towns of Rhuddlan
Leader Fiona Gale
The walk will include the Suggested Saxon Burh, Norman Town and Edwardian Castle. The
extensive excavations undertaken over 40 years ago will be discussed as well as more up to
date thorny planning issues. This is a walk mainly on pavements, but the motte is steep
(ascent optional).
Duration About 2 hours
Please book via fionaegale@hotmail.co.uk and phone 07718 625 606



Celebrating 175 years of illustrating Wales’s past in the pages of Archaeologia Cambrensis
Llangollen, 22nd – 24th October.

From its foundation in 1846 the Cambrian Archaeological Association has published a
Journal in which illustration of antiquities by means of accurate drawings and measured
plans were promoted as an essential part of record and analysis. A large collection of blocks
and plates from the earliest years through to the final days of letterpress printing are at
present in the keeping of our secretary Heather James being catalogued for deposition at
the National Museum of Wales. Many of these, especially the fine woodblocks will be on
display at the Conference together with accompanying volumes of Arch Camb. We intend to
publish an illustrated booklet to be launched at the Conference on this subject. The
Conference will combine lectures on various aspects of illustration with a field afternoon
first to visit Valle Crucis Abbey – subject of the frontispiece and article in Vol 1 (1846) and
then other sites and monuments in the area to see and discuss evolving methods of how to
present our Heritage in visual interpretation.

Hotel: The Conference will be based at The Wild Pheasant Hotel , Berwyn Road, Llangollen,
LL20 8AD, 01978 860629, where we will have our own conference suite for our exhibition
and lectures. There are other accommodation possibilities in the town and the immediate
area and the conference is open to non residents as well. Please book directly with the
hotel before the end of May, but please register your interest in attending this conference
as soon as you are confident to do so, by returning the booking form to Heather James.
Rates at The Wild Pheasant are: double occupancy £175 per night, DB&B; single occupancy
£115 per night, DB&B. 30 rooms will be held until May 31st and a £50 non-refundable
deposit is required. Please mention the Cambrians when booking.

Friday 22nd October
Arrive by late afternoon – registration will open at 3 pm and the exhibition materials and
displays will be available for viewing.
6 pm Lecture by Professor Huw Pryce on Harry Longueville Jones, founder, with the Revd
John Williams, of the Cambrian Archaeological Association and first editors of Arch Camb.
7.30 pm Dinner (available for non residents by prior booking with Heather James)
£25.95 (3 course) or £21.95 (2 course)

Saturday 23rd October.
9.15 – 10.00: Lecture by Professor Nancy Edwards on the history of recording and
illustration of the Early Christian Monuments
10 – 10.30 Coffee
10.30 -11.15: Lecture by Frances Lynch on the value of archaeological illustration.
11.15 – 12.00 : Lecture by Ian Wright on the history of archaeological photography.
12.00-12.15 : questions and discussion.
m . Buffet Lunch (£14.95)
1.00– 5.30. Excursion by coach to Valle Crucis Abbey and other sites in the area, including
tea at Plas Newydd .
6.00 – 6.45 drinks reception and launch of the 175th Anniversary booklet, by the President
Dr Eurwyn Wiliam.
6.45-7.30 Lecture by Heather James on the printing history and development of illustration
in Arch Camb , 1846-2021. ‘From woodblock to laser scan’.
7.30 -Dinner (exhibition will be available for viewing after dinner.)

Sunday 24th October
9.15 – 12.15 with a break for coffee the future of archaeological recording and illustration:
‘Digital Past’ with three talks to be presented by Dr Toby Driver, Christopher Jones-Jenkins,
and Sue Fielding.
12.15-12.45 Closing discussion.
(optional lunch)


In the light of continuing uncertainties and of the success of last year’s event, it has been
decided to hold the AGM by Zoom at 7.30 pm on Thursday October 14th
2021. Please contact cambrians1846@gmail.com a few days beforehand to obtain the joining
instructions. An illustrated lecture will be presented online following the AGM.


As those who have opted-in to receive emails of general interest will know, we are currently
sending out several emails every month with news of events, online resources and other
items. Feedback on these emails has been gratifyingly positive, and they have allowed a
mutually beneficial exchange of information between us, locally-based societies and other
national organisations. This information is also circulated on our Facebook and Twitter
accounts. We are grateful to the many members who submit information to us for
circulation, since our email officer does not unfortunately have the time to undertake active
research into items of potential interest.

Emails pertaining solely to CAA matters are sent out much more rarely – several times a year
– and this is all that you will receive from us if you have not replied to our GDPR permission
messages or have actively opted to receive only news of CAA matters. If this describes you,
but you would like to receive emails of wider interest, do please get in touch! Our email
address is cambrians1846@gmail.com
Equally, if you are not receiving any email messages from us because you have not given us
your email address (like some 40% of our members currently) but would like to be more
connected with CAA, please send us a message on cambrians1846@gmail.com and ask to
be added to our email list.


The Association received a generous legacy from the late Rev Michael Coombe of £2000
which was placed in the Research Fund. Unsurprisingly in view of the contraction,
cancellation and deferment of many research activities, there were fewer applications than
usual in October 2020, but two fresh applications were considered in February 2021. A
number of projects for which grants had been made in 2019 have not yet been able to go

For results of some of the research projects grant-aided by the CAA see below :

Visit http://www.castlestudiestrust.org/docs/Pembroke_Castle_Evaluation_2018_FINAL.pdf for
Pembroke Castle.

For an article by Peter Crew on work at Dolgun Blast Furnace download
academia.edu/37965423/Dolgun_blast_furnace_Merioneth_300th anniversary

The work by the Darganfod Hen Dai Cymraeg/Discovering Old Welsh Houses Group to which
the CAA has made several grants can be followed by visiting their website.

GRANTS AWARDED November 2020 and February 2021

£970 to Peter Crew for Dol y Clocwydd furnace research and metallography.
Dol y Clocwydd, Merioneth, was excavated in 1986 and shown to be a well preserved late
16th century blast furnace. Newer techniques of metallographic analysis on the finds will
enhance the final report whilst a magnetometer survey north of the furnace will reveal
information on its predecessor – a 14th century bloomery.

£1000 to Katharina Möller and Ray Karl, Bangor University for excavations at Meilionydd.
A ninth season is planned for 2021 on this ‘double ringwork’ hill top enclosure shown to
have been occupied between 800 and 200 cal. BC.

£2330 to Professor Mike Parker Pearson for excavation at Waun Mawr stone circle, Preseli.
The planned third and final season of excavation for which a grant was made in 2019 could
not take place in 2020 and is now planned for 2021. Waun Mawr appears to be a part dismantled
stone circle whose size is closely comparable to Stonehenge and is close to the
proven quarry sources for Stonehenge’s bluestone and rhyolite stones. Stones from Waun
Mawr may have been transported to Stonehenge.

£276 to Rhiannon Comeau and Steve Burrow for archiving data on corn-drying kilns in Wales
on the ADS site, York. A detailed discussion and catalogue has been prepared of radiocarbon
dated and excavated corn-drying kilns in Wales of the early medieval period. This
corpus will be published in the next issue of Archaeologia Cambrensis. The grant enables
supporting data to be placed on a stand-alone Archaeological Data Services site and thus be
freely available to researchers.

£1000 to Jake Davies of Lleyn Sub Aqua Club to cover costs of a dive on the site of the 1974
discovery of an anchor from a Mediterranean vessel of Mid Iron Age date. This is designed
to check for remains of the boat itself and has to be done in the short window of
opportunity when the kelp is thinner. It is planned for March 2021 and it is hoped to bring
this nationally important find to greater prominence.

£800 to Dr Gary Lock for radiocarbon dating of the Phase I rampart at Moel y Gaer, Bodfari.
CAA has supported this excavation, which is now coming towards publication in Arch Camb,
for many seasons.


Sadly, the Welsh Heritage Schools Initiative, who administer and award the Association’s
‘junior’ prize, had to cancel the competition in 2020 due to the disruption to school
activities caused by the pandemic. Trustees had decided in 2019, due to the small number
of entries, to cancel the ‘Senior’ prize for the best undergraduate or MA dissertation.
However in discussion at a Trustees meeting in June on a possible replacement prize, new
trustee Dr Tudur Davies and Genevieve Cain who manages our social media, (both past
prize-winners) stoutly defended the prize and it was agreed to relaunch it with new efforts
to reach interested undergraduates and graduates.